Us BundeГџtaat Washington
Der Staat wurde nach dem ersten US-Präsidenten, George Washington, benannt und als Staat im Jahr in die Vereinigten Staaten aufgenommen.
Der Staat wurde nach dem ersten US-Präsidenten, George Washington, benannt und als Staat im Jahr in die Vereinigten Staaten aufgenommen.
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Personal property tax applies to personal property used when conducting business, or to other personal property not exempt by law.
All property taxes are paid to the county treasurer's office where the property is located. Washington does not impose a tax on intangible assets such as bank accounts , stocks , or bonds.
Neither does the state assess any tax on retirement income earned and received from another state. Washington does not collect inheritance taxes.
However, the estate tax is de-coupled from the federal estate tax laws, and therefore, the state imposes its own estate tax.
Washington state has the 18th highest per capita effective tax rate in the United States , as of This leads to border economic anomalies in the Portland-Vancouver metropolitan area.
Washington is a leading agricultural state. In , Washington ranked first in the nation in production of red raspberries Washington also ranked second in the nation in production of fall potatoes a quarter of the nation's production , nectarines , apricots , grapes all varieties taken together , sweet corn for processing a quarter of the nation's production , and summer onions a fifth of the nation's production.
The apple industry is of particular importance to Washington. Because of the favorable climate of dry, warm summers and cold winters of central Washington, the state has led the U.
Washington ranks second in the United States in the production of wine, behind only California. Viticulture in the state is also influenced by long sunlight hours on average, two more hours a day than in California during the growing season and consistent temperatures.
Washington has a system of state highways , called State Routes , as well as an extensive ferry system which is the largest in the nation  and the third largest in the world.
There are public airfields in Washington , including 16 state airports owned by the Washington State Department of Transportation.
There are extensive waterways around Washington's largest cities, including Seattle, Bellevue , Tacoma and Olympia.
The state highways incorporate an extensive network of bridges and the largest ferry system in the United States to serve transportation needs in the Puget Sound area.
Washington's marine highway constitutes a fleet of twenty-eight ferries that navigate Puget Sound and its inland waterways to 20 different ports of call, completing close to , sailings each year.
Washington is home to four of the five longest floating bridges in the world: the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge , Lacey V.
Murrow Memorial Bridge and Homer M. Among its most famous bridges is the Tacoma Narrows Bridge , which collapsed in and was rebuilt.
The Cascade Mountain Range also impedes transportation. Washington operates and maintains roads over seven [ vague ] major mountain passes and eight minor passes.
During winter months some of these passes are plowed, sanded, and kept safe with avalanche control. Not all stay open through the winter.
The Cayuse and Chinook passes east of Mount Rainier also close in winter. Washington is crossed by a number of freight railroads , and Amtrak's passenger Cascade route between Eugene, Oregon and Vancouver, BC is the eighth busiest Amtrak service in the U.
The Sounder commuter rail service operates in Seattle and its surrounding cities, between Everett and Lakewood. The entire system has a funded expansion plan that will expand light rail to a total of miles by Seattle also has a 3.
Hanford Nuclear Reservation is currently the most contaminated nuclear site in the United States  and is the focus of the nation's largest environmental cleanup.
In , Washington became the first state in the nation to target all forms of highly toxic brominated flame retardants known as PBDEs for elimination from the many common household products in which they are used.
Three recent studies by the Washington State Department of Ecology showed toxic chemicals banned decades ago linger in the environment and concentrate in the food chain.
In one of the studies, state government scientists found unacceptable levels of toxic substances in 93 samples of freshwater fish from 45 sites.
As a result of the study, the department will investigate the sources of PCBs in the Wenatchee River, where unhealthy levels of PCBs were found in mountain whitefish.
Based on the information and a previous Ecology study, the Washington State Department of Health advises the public not to eat mountain whitefish from the Wenatchee River from Leavenworth downstream to where the river joins the Columbia, due to unhealthy levels of PCBs.
Study results also showed high levels of contaminants in fish tissue that scientists collected from Lake Washington and the Spokane River, where fish consumption advisories are already in effect.
This bill would limit phosphorus content in dishwashing detergents statewide to 0. Though the ban would be effective statewide in , it would take place in Whatcom County , Spokane County , and Clark County in An invasive amount of algae in bodies of water would lead to a variety of excess ecological and technological issues.
Washington's executive branch is headed by a governor elected for a four-year term. The current statewide elected officers are:. The bicameral Washington State Legislature is the state's legislative branch.
The state legislature is composed of a lower House of Representatives and an upper State Senate. The state is divided into 49 legislative districts of equal population, each of which elects two representatives and one senator.
Representatives serve two-year terms, whilst senators serve for four years. There are no term limits.
After the election, the Democratic Party solidified their majority in the House and Senate. The Washington Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.
Nine justices serve on the bench and are elected statewide. Murray has represented the state since , while Cantwell was first elected in The state is one of six with two female senators.
Due to Congressional redistricting as a result of the Census , Washington gained one seat in the United States House of Representatives.
With the extra seat, Washington also gained one electoral vote, raising its total to The state is typically thought of as politically divided by the Cascade Mountains, with Western Washington being liberal particularly the I-5 Corridor and Eastern Washington being conservative.
Washington has voted for the Democratic presidential nominee in every election since Due to Western Washington's large population, Democrats usually fare better statewide.
The Seattle metropolitan combined statistical area , home to almost two-thirds of Washington's population, generally delivers stronger Democratic margins than most other parts of Western Washington.
This is especially true of King County, home to Seattle and almost a third of the state's population. Washington was considered a key swing state in , and it was the only western state to give its electoral votes to Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey over his Republican opponent Richard Nixon.
Washington was considered a part of the Republican Revolution , and had the biggest pick-up in the house for Republicans, who picked up seven of Washington's nine House seats.
The governorship is held by Democrat Jay Inslee , who was elected to his first term in the gubernatorial election. The state senate was under Republican control, due to two Democrats' joining Republicans to form a Majority Coalition Caucus.
After the elections, the Democrats retained control of the House, while Republicans took a majority in the Senate without the need for a coalition.
In November , a special election gave Democrats a one seat majority in the Senate and complete control over state government. Since then, in the election, the Democrats have only expanded their majorities.
No state has gone longer without a Republican governor than Washington state. Democrats have controlled the Washington Governor's Mansion for more than 34 years.
The last Republican Governor was John Spellman , who held the office between and Washington has not voted for a Republican senator, governor, or presidential candidate since , tying Delaware for the longest streak in the country.
Washington is one of three states to have legalized assisted suicide. In , voted on by initiative, the Washington Death with Dignity Act passed and became law.
In November , Washington state voters approved full domestic partnerships via Referendum 71 , marking the first time voters in any state expanded recognition of same-sex relationships at the ballot box.
Three years later, in November , same-sex marriage was affirmed via Referendum 74 , making Washington one of only three states to have approved same-sex marriage by popular vote.
Also in November , Washington state became one of just two states to pass by initiative the legal sale and possession of cannabis for both medical and non-medical use with Initiative The law took effect in December Although marijuana is still illegal under U.
Federal law, persons 21 and older in Washington state can possess up to one ounce of marijuana, 16 ounces of marijuana-infused product in solid form, 72 ounces of marijuana-infused product in liquid form, or any combination of all three, and to legally consume marijuana and marijuana-infused products.
In November , voters approved Initiative , which among other things requires employers to guarantee paid sick leave to most workers.
On January 1, , the law went into effect, with Washington becoming the seventh state with paid sick leave requirements.
Washington state was the first state in the United States where assisted suicide, same-sex marriage , and recreational cannabis use were all legal at the same time.
After the elections, it was joined by Oregon. With the passage of Initiative in the elections, Washington adopted stricter gun laws.
Washington enacted a measure in May in favor of sanctuary cities , similar to California and Oregon laws which are among the strongest statewide mandates in the nation.
As of the — school year, 1,, students were enrolled in elementary and secondary schools in Washington, with 59, teachers employed to educate them.
High school juniors and seniors in Washington have the option of using the state's Running Start program. Begun by the state legislature in , it allows students to attend institutions of higher education at public expense, simultaneously earning high school and college credit.
There are more than 40 institutions of higher education in Washington. The state has major research universities, technical schools, religious schools, and private career colleges.
The top two health insurers as of were Premera Blue Cross , with 24 percent market share, followed by Kaiser Permanente at 21 percent.
The state of Washington reformed its health care system in through the Washington Health Services Act. The legislation required individuals to obtain health insurance or face penalties, and required employers to provide insurance to employees.
In addition, health insurance companies were required to sell policies to all individuals, regardless of pre-existing conditions, and cover basic benefits.
Hospitals exist across the state, but with a particular focus at the medical facilities of Seattle. Joseph Medical Center. In addition, the U.
Previous ships had held that name in honor of George Washington. Conover of Seattle, Washington. The name proved popular as the forests were full of evergreen trees and the abundance of rain keeps the shrubbery and grasses green throughout the year.
The state song is " Washington, My Home ", the state bird is the American goldfinch , the state fruit is the apple, and the state vegetable is the Walla Walla sweet onion.
The state tree is the western hemlock. The state flower is the coast rhododendron. The state fish is the steelhead. The unofficial, but popularly accepted, state rock song is Louie Louie.
The state insect is the green darner dragonfly. The state gem is petrified wood. The state fossil is the Columbian mammoth.
The state marine mammal is the orca. The state land mammal is the Olympic marmot. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Washington and Washington State. State in the northwestern United States.
State in the United States. Al-ki or Alki, "bye and bye" in Chinook Jargon. Mount Rainier. See also: Geology of the Pacific Northwest.
Mount Baker. Glacier Peak. Mount St. Mount Adams. See also: Climate change in Washington. Main article: Rain shadow. Retrieved July 27, Source 2: "Comparative Data for the Western States".
See also: List of flora of Washington state , List of fauna of Washington state , and List of federal lands in Washington state.
Main article: History of Washington state. Main articles: Oregon Country and Columbia District. Main article: Oregon pioneer history.
Main article: eruption of Mount St. See also: List of cities in Washington. Largest cities or towns in Washington state Washington Source: .
Religion in Washington as of [update]  Religion Percent Protestant. Main article: Economy of Washington state.
See also: Mountain recreation economy of Washington , List of Washington locations by per capita income , and List of Washington state companies.
Main article: Washington wine. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. December This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Washington passenger rail stations. Cascades to Vancouver, British Columbia. Empire Builder to Chicago. Point Defiance bypass.
Coast Starlight to Los Angeles. Main article: Government of the State of Washington. See also: United States congressional delegations from Washington.
See also: Political party strength in Washington state. Education in Washington. School districts Educational service districts Rural school districts.
Colleges and universities Student Achievement Council. See also: Washington Healthplanfinder and List of hospitals in Washington state.
Main article: List of Washington state symbols. United States portal. Washington State Legislature.
Archived from the original on July 10, Retrieved July 11, United States Census Bureau. March 20, Retrieved March 20, Seattle Times.
February 27, Retrieved May 28, USA Today. Archived from the original on November 7, Retrieved November 9, January Pacific Northwest Quarterly.
City of Longview, WA. Archived from the original on March 6, Retrieved April 17, Washington History—Territorial Timeline.
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Archived from the original on April 22, University of Nebraska—Lincoln. April 27, Archived from the original on December 13, Archived from the original on June 24, Inland Fishes of Washington 2nd ed.
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Archived from the original on July 27, June 1, Archived from the original on April 9, National Park Service.
Archived from the original on September 22, Archived from the original on December 3, Washington State Park System.
United States Forest Service. January 1, Archived from the original on July 1, Science Daily.
Middle Tennessee State University. April 26, Retrieved April 18, Archived from the original on May 26, City of Tumwater, WA. Archived from the original on July 14, Retrieved June 15, July 1, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly.
Columbia—The Magazine of Northwest History. Archived PDF from the original on June 29, Retrieved September 9, Archived from the original on June 22, Retrieved November 10, Archived from the original on August 21, Retrieved January 8, Helens National Volcanic Monument".
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Guide to State and Local Census Geography. Archived from the original on October 17, March 19, Archived from the original on February 2, Retrieved March 19, Archived PDF from the original on April 9, Retrieved February 1, Archived from the original on August 14, Retrieved August 5, Archived from the original on September 18, Retrieved April 2, Archived from the original on February 13, Retrieved November 21, The Plain Dealer.
Retrieved August 4, Archived PDF from the original on September 11, Archived PDF from the original on February 14, Archived PDF from the original on August 31, Archived PDF from the original on June 3, Retrieved May 7, Archived PDF from the original on February 1, Retrieved February 22, Retrieved December 21, Accessed online October 2, University of Nebraska Press.
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Fortune Magazine. Archived from the original on March 15, Retrieved March 21, CBRE Group. April 2, Dies war der höchste Wert aller Bundesstaaten.
Hawaii ab. Stand . In Seattle , dem wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Zentrum des Bundesstaates, leben Zur Metropolregion Seattle zählen mit Tacoma Südlich der Metropolregion Seattle liegt die Hauptstadt Olympia Staat der Union bei.
Der Gouverneur von Washington regiert vier Jahre. Neben einem Senat mit 49 Sitzen besteht ein Repräsentantenhaus mit 98 Sitzen. Politisch ist Washington zweigeteilt: Westlich der Kaskadenkette, besonders in und um Seattle, sind die Demokraten dominant.
Im ländlichen Osten um Spokane dominieren dagegen die Republikaner. Mehr noch als Oregon ist Washington inzwischen in der Addition den Demokraten zugetan und kann kaum noch als Swing State gelten.
Kongresses sind die Demokraten mit sieben und die Republikaner mit drei Abgeordneten vertreten. Seit stellen die Demokraten durchgängig den Gouverneur des Bundesstaates.
Im Februar setzte er für seine Amtszeit — die Todesstrafe aus. Washington ist in 39 Countys untergliedert.
Das Siegel wurde von dem Juwelier Charles Talcott entworfen. In Washington gibt es drei Nationalparks.
Der Nationalpark ist nahezu unerschlossen, als Hochgebirge Schutzgebiet für alpine Flora und Fauna und wird nur von wenigen Bergsteigern und -wanderern besucht, pro Jahr etwa Washington unterhält State Parks Stand: November .
Weitere Hochschulen sind in der Liste der Universitäten in Washington verzeichnet. Washington gehört zu den wohlhabendsten Bundesstaaten der USA.
Bedeutendster Wirtschaftszweig ist die Luft- und Raumfahrtindustrie. Ein weiteres bedeutendes Unternehmen aus Seattle ist die Kaffeehauskette Starbucks.
Bundesdistrikt: Washington, D. Washington Details Details. Siehe auch : Liste der Countys in Washington.
Siehe auch : Liste der State Parks in Washington. Online einsehbar unter Archivlink Memento vom Abgerufen am Presidential Elections.
November August amerikanisches Englisch. Januar Dezember englisch. Countys im US-Bundesstaat Washington. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion.
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